Alex Lightman, Publisher
This is our biggest issue ever of 6Sense, as we head
into our biggest US IPv6 Summit ever. We honor and
thank you, as a wonderful IPv6 community member, for
reading, attending, speaking and writing to help share
the knowledge. In this issue we have valuable contributions
from the US Navy’s SPAWAR, v6 Transition, Agilent,
NTT, Anagran (Larry Roberts is about to change the
world again, and it starts with this article), Foundry,
Eracent and SRI. Read this issue, and you will know
that IPv6 is not just a protocol, it’s an arena
for the smartest companies and agencies to differentiate
We are just a few days away from the US IPv6 Summit
2005, and attendance and sponsorship are both at record
pace for the US. Some 85 people signed up today alone!
This IPv6 Summit is, to the best of our knowledge,
the largest paid attendance IPv6-focused event in
the world. Even more remarkable is that this is the
fourth successful large IPv6 event held in the same
metropolitan area in a 24-month period, something
only achieved before in Tokyo, a megalopolis about
10 times the size of the greater Washington, DC area.
We urge you to register and attend the US IPv6 Summit
for several good reasons:
- You will hear, and meet, if you're not shy,
50 of the most important people in and around IPv6,
who will speak on all aspects of IPv6 and answer any
questions you can imagine, if answers exist.
- You will see and be able to discuss IPv6 products
and services and come back to the office as an expert
in what's going to be available, when, from
whom, for how much. Just seeing IPv6 on Microsoft
Vista and talking about it with MS's top IPv6
people is worth attending, because Vista will create
thousands of new applications and billions of dollars
in revenue, and you'll get up to speed a full
year before the rest of the U.S.
- You will experience the US government coming together
and turning itself from a 98-pound weakling on IPv6
into Charles Atlas, as some of the most powerful people
in the most powerful government explain how IPv6 will
touch everything, and will knit everything together.
What could be more enjoyable than seeing behind-the-scenes
to learn how the greatest enterprise in human history
becomes more self-aware, self-organized and ever smarter?
- You will be able to buy, sell, borrow, loan or
swap with the key decision makers in the New Internet.
Even if you don't have a budget you can still
swap stories and team up to share information.
- You have a better chance of meeting and speaking
with a reporter who can help make you (more) famous
than staying in your office.
- You will be able to create or increase the size
of your knowledge base and files on IPv6, making you
the "go to" person as IPv6 goes from novelty
- You will increase your marketability as the IPv6
economy revs up, because you will know more people
who will know that you keep up to speed.
- You increase your chances of coming up with something
novel that you and your team can bring to market or
implement in your agency.
If you need any other reasons, feel free to call me
and tell me what you are interested in, at 310-393-4357.
Publisher, 6Sense Newsletter
Navy IPv6 Transition
By Mark Evans and The Navy IPv6 Transition Project
The advent of FORCEnet (Fn), along with the Global
Information Grid (GIG) architecture and Network Centric
Warfare (NCW) concepts of operations, demonstrates
a definitive push to an enhanced Internet Protocol
(IP) based network capability. As part of the IT-21
and FORCEnet initiative, the Navy began moving to
an IP based network in the mid-'90s as the primary
method to connect the fleet with the ashore DoD infrastructure,
basically extending the evolving NIPRNET, SIPRNET
and JWICS capabilities out to the fleet.
IPv6 is an enabling technology that supports network-centric
operations and warfare, which will include mobile
platforms, networked sensors, unmanned systems, unmanned
aerial vehicles, space systems and reach-back to logistics
bases, facilities, people and information.
The Naval Transformation Roadmap describes a transformational
process that focuses on accelerating the speed and
accuracy of information gathering and sharing, assessment,
decision and action at every level of command. The
Roadmap also identifies FORCEnet as the integral Naval
component of Global Information Grid (GIG). FORCEnet
(Fn) is the operational construct and architectural
framework for Naval Warfare in the Information Age
which integrates warriors, sensors, networks, command
and control, platforms and weapons into a networked,
distributed combat force, scalable across the spectrum
of conflict from seabed to space and sea to land.
DoD Acquisitions Guidance for
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) developed
the next-generation Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6)
to overcome fundamental limitations of IPv4 by expanding
available address space, improving routing support,
enhancing end-to-end security, providing new enhancements
to quality of service and easing the burdens of system
administration. Both the DoD and the U.S. Federal
Government have mandated a transition to "IPv6
Capable" networks by 2008.
The "core" standards for all IPv6 devices are well
proven and understood. These standards are generally
defined as the IPv6 Protocol Specification [RFC 2460],
Neighbor Discovery for IPv6 [RFC 2461], IPv6 Stateless
Address Auto-configuration [RFC 2462], Internet Control
Message Protocol for IPv6 (ICMPv6) [RFC 2463], and
Path Maximum Transmission Unit Discovery [RFC 1981],
which are all well enough understood that they are
being promoted to "Internet standards" by the IETF.
The application of other IPv6-related standards is
Without clear guidance, it has been difficult to
establish and implement effective "IPv6 Capable"
product standards, a condition that impacts consumers
such as the DoD and other US Federal agencies that
require formal specifications in their acquisitions
process. A DoD Program Manager (PM) often specifies
system and component requirements several years before
a custom system is built, accepted, and fielded. If
incorrect or incomplete requirements are used, it
is usually difficult and expensive to correct later
in the acquisitions cycle.
The IPv6 Best Practices World
A Guide for Federal Agencies Transitioning to IPv6
Over the past three decades, the development and
use of packet networks based on the Internet Protocol
(IP) has spawned one of the greatest revolutions in
communications the world has ever seen in the advent
of the Internet. It is now possible to share information
with anyone, anywhere in the world almost instantly.
The benefits of IP are so great, a preponderance of
organizations are moving toward Convergence, also
called Everything over IP (EoIP), where all voice,
video and data communication would occur over IP-based
networks. Unfortunately, the existing protocol supporting
the Internet, IPv4, was not designed to handle the
unpredictable and overwhelming growth that has occurred
with the Internet or many of the advanced capabilities
required to support EoIP. Many advances have been
made with IPv4 to provide the scalability needed over
the past decade to keep up with growth on the Internet;
however, the trade-off has been significant with the
erosion of ubiquity, loss of end-to-end connectivity
and substantial increase in complexity.
The problems surrounding IPv4 were recognized early
on and, in the mid-1990s, the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF), an international body that develops
the majority of standards associated with the Internet,
agreed upon IPv6 as the basis for the next generation
or New Internet. IPv6 not only provided a solution
to the limited address space within IPv4, it also
provided many advanced capabilities for functionality
such as Quality of Service (QoS), security, mobility,
auto-configuration and extension headers. IPv6 was
designed to provide greater performance with a much
simpler overall configuration. IPv6 could not provide
the advances that were necessary and remain directly
interoperable with IPv4 without transition mechanisms;
therefore, transitioning to IPv6 must be accomplished
through a careful planning process to prevent operational
impacts during periods when IPv4 and IPv6 coexist
on a network.
The transition to IPv6 is not just associated with
one application or a specific network element; it
is a complete technology transition that will impact
every Information Technology (IT) based system within
the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA). Every piece
of hardware and any application that utilizes the
network today or in the future will need to be included
in the transition planning activities. IPv6 will provide
the foundation necessary to deliver advanced network
centric services and solutions for a wide variety
of applications and provide the necessary infrastructure
to support EoIP.
The Challenges of Next Generation
IP Address Management
Reduce complexities, streamline management and expedite
the adoption of next generation network technology.
Innovative, best-in-class management solutions like
software from Lucent Technologies, provide the tools
that are critical
for the adoption of IPv6.
This white paper addresses how to:
- Properly allocate and manage your assigned
IPv6 address space
- Manage IP address allocation and node
- Manage, monitor, and audit access to IPv4 and IPv6 networks
- Address challenges associated with co-existing IPv4 and IPv6 networks
WHITE PAPER [PDF 184k]
Northern Virginia Shows Technology Leadership With
CEO, Innofone.com, Inc.
of our attendees are from Northern Virginia, so I’d
like to thank you as a group, and get you thinking
about your collective might and how much you can accomplish
if you get your Congressional delegation out in front
on IPv6. Just write and ask them to lead on IPv6.
They can and will.
I think Northern Virginia (where I grew up) will
end up being the regional center for US IPv6 as a
result of five factors:
- The highest per capita IPv6 event attendance of
any metro area on Earth: a 2,000 man-day edge in exposure
to the leading IPv6 information.
- The largest concentration of teams with IPv6 transition
contracts in the US, including v6 Transition, SI International,
Lockheed Martin, MITRE and Booz Allen.
- The legacy of US government leadership when new
protocols come onto the scene, backed by $2.6 trillion/year
in federal spending, with $65 billion in federal IT
spending and, out of that, $25 billion/year in Dept.
of Defense IT spending, of which Virginia gets a large
- The DoD and OMB mandates for IPv6, with all leadership
in DC, Virginia and nearby Maryland.
- Congressional leadership by Rep. Tom Davis (R-VA),
who chaired the only hearings by a legislative body
on IPv6 leadership in the US.
Integrating IPv6 Into Existing
Stan O. Barber
Vice President of Engineering Operations,
Global IP Network Business,
In this article, I will be discussing some of the
basic issues I encountered in actually integrating
IPv6 into an existing small enterprise. While the
specifics of this work may not be applicable to your
enterprise, the steps involved are ones you should
consider when auditing IPv6 to your existing IPv4
The Existing Network
It's important before doing any addition to any network
to understand the current state of that network and
how it is used. There are many structured methodologies
available for doing this type of assessment, but the
purposes of this article; I will use a basic inventory
and a short narrative to describe the current network.
For small networks (like this one), that is probably
adequate. For larger networks (particularly multi-site
ones), this process will likely have to be more elaborate.
The network is based around Ethernet hubs in a hierarchical
tree. The network has no branches that cross-connect
to each other so there is no need for the use of spanning-tree
to prevent loops. Hosts are connected to the hubs
using category 5, 5a or 6 cables and run at speeds
between 10 and 1000Mb/sec depending on the capabilities
of the host and the hub port. All these hosts fit
in one IPv4 /24, so no IPv4 subnetting is used and
there are no NATs in this network.
ENTIRE ARTICLE [PDF 68k]
IPv6 with an Optical Core
Dr. Lawrence G. Roberts
The need to convert our networks to IPv6 has been
made quite obvious; we need the address space and
the security. However, the issue is how to convert
without a very large replacement expense. Given the
need to rebuild, perhaps the basic structure of the
network should be re-examined in light of current
technology to substantially reduce the network cost.
A revolutionary design would be to use an all-optical
core with the edge based on flow routers. Not only
will the cost be vastly reduced but also the network
will much more effectively support video, voice and
At the same time that we are faced with the need
to replace our current IPv4 network with an IPv6 network,
two revolutionary advances in network technology have
been taking place; optical switching and flow routing.
Both are substantially less expensive than the current
technology, the packet routers that I introduced in
Enterprise & Service Provider
Merged IPv4/IPv6 Network Services
As service providers and enterprises add IPv6 applications
to their networks, it is imperative that the networks
be designed and built to efficiently support the simultaneous
use of both IPv4 and IPv6. To support this, Foundry
Networks has developed a set of dual protocol networking
solutions that have been designed with embedded support
for the high-speed switching and routing of IPv4 and
IPv6 traffic, as well as the IPv6 transition mechanisms
that have become popular in the industry.
In addition, two pieces that are frequently overlooked
in the design of dual-protocol networks, security
and management have been embedded in Foundry's IPv6
networking solutions. The first is a set of extensions
to provide IPv6 aware VLANs and access control lists.
The second is a high-speed implementation of the sFlow
RFC. This article discusses the features necessary
to provide highly functional, dual-protocol networks
that provide instrumentation for network-wide visibility
and extended support for security.
Agilent Technologies supports
IPv6 transition with new test tools during Moonv6
John Nakulski and Simon Farrugia
The move from IPv4 to IPv6 will not be a sharp cutover
requiring a forklift upgrade to network equipment.
Rather, it will be a slow evolution. The U.S. Government,
for example, expects that it will be at least 2015
before the majority of systems are running in a native
IPv6 environment. To support this goal, this year's
Moonv6 testing focused on the transition from IPv4
During Moonv6, Agilent Technologies worked with the
Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC) and the
University of New Hampshire's Interoperability Lab
(UNH-IOL) to help major equipment vendors certify
that their routers, firewalls, intrusion prevention
systems and other network devices are ready for use
in Defense and Government networks. Agilent was on
hand with test expertise and tools that help manufacturers
and network operators verify their readiness for IPv6.
Agilent's IPv6 test solution includes the most
comprehensive IPv6 conformance test suite, new VPNv6
and 6PE test capabilities, and an innovative "Application
Mix" test plan for ensuring services convergence.
Using IT Asset Management Technology
Ease the Transition to IPv6
Ed Cartier, VP Marketing, Eracent, Inc
IPv6 is the next generation of network addressing
and will replace the current IPv4 standard, creating
a need for a full transition from one technology to
the next. It is designed to operate on both high performance
and low bandwidth networks and provides a platform
for new internet functionality. The IPv6 transition
anticipates that user host systems can be upgraded
to IPv6, and that network operators can deploy IPv6
in routers, with nominal coordination between the
However, one critical task that must be addressed
in either case is accurately discovering, identifying
and inventorying all the devices across the network
that will need to be upgraded or replaced as a result
of the IPv6 implementation. An automated system that
can provide critical configuration information, along
with the address of each device on the network, will
be an essential tool to effect a successful transition.
Eracent's Network Probe can provide management
and technical personnel with the critical information
they will need to budget and implement a seamless
transition from IPv4 to IPv6.
Red Herring Fall, December 13-15,
2005 in San Francisco
Red Herring Fall 2005 will explore Red Herring's
Top 10 Trends for 2006 and feature presentations from
the Red Herring Small Cap 100.
Explore our Top 10 Trends for 2006 with leading analysts
and Red Herring journalists. Hear untold stories of
remarkable growth, amazing turnarounds, and surprising
innovation from the Red Herring Small Cap 100. Meet
the executives that make it happen.
To request a registration package and for further
information, please visit http://www.herringevents.com.
v6 Transition Now Offers IPv6
IPv6 Summit, Inc., organizers of the US IPv6 Summits
for the last three years and publishers of 6Sense,
now offers a wide range of training, consulting and
implementation support services to make the transition
to IPv6 a reality for your organization. We have assembled
a team of IPv6 experts and partners into v6
Transition, providing a complete set of solutions
to your meet your IPv6 transition planning and implementation